F, b. circa 1641, d. 7 July 1703
Marie Nicole was born circa 1641 in Vielle-Vaude, Meaux, Marne, France. She was the daughter of Francois Duchesne & Marie Rolet.3 She immigrated from France to the Quebec Colony with a contract in hand to marry Jacques Laporte in about 1657.4 Marie Nicole married Jacques Laporte dit St-Georges, son of Jacques Laporte and Marie Hamelin, on 3 September 1657 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, at the Basilica of Notre Dame.5 1666, Marie and her husband, Jacques, were listed on the Canadian Census in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Enumerated in this household were Jacques Delaporte [40 years], Nicole Duchesne [30 years], Paul [7 years], Antoine [6 years], Georges [4 years], Catherine [2 years] & Jacques [3 months].6 1667, Marie and her husband, Jacques, were listed on the Canadian Census in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Enumerated in this household were Jean DelaPorte [40 years], Nicole Duchesne [30 years], Paul [8 years], Antoine [7 years], Georges [5 years], Catherine [3 years] & Louis [18 months]. 1681, Marie and her husband, Jacques, were listed on the Canadian Census in Boucherville, Chambly County, Quebec, Canada. Enumerated in this household were George Laport [60 years], Nicole Duchesne [40 years], Paul [23 years], Antoine [21 years], Georges [18 years], Jacques [16 years], Louis [14 years], Angelique [10 years], Jean [7 years], Pierre [4 years] & Suzanne [3 years].6 Marie departed this life on Saturday, 7 July 1703 in Contrecoeur, Vercheres County, Quebec, Canada.7
|Jacques Laporte dit St-Georges b. 5 Mar 1627, d. 11 Sep 1702|
- [S1584] Filles a Marier - A Marriageable Young Girl: Most of us are familiar with the story of the King's Daughters or Fille Du Roi; the state sponsored program that brought almost 800 single women to Quebec in the early days of the French settlement, but what is not so well known is the story of the Fille a Marier. Between 1634 and 1662; 262 young ladies braved the elements to begin an uncertain future in the backwoods of Canada.
When the Company of 100 Associates began their settlement scheme, their plan of recruiting only families proved to be too costly, so instead they signed on single men; tradesman and labourers; who would be indentured for three years. However, this meant that more than 80% of the colonists were men, so even if they decided to stay at the end of their term, there was little hope of them starting a family, unless they chose a Canadian girl. But, since her family would never allow her, or her children, to leave their village; the company directors needed to avoid this from happening.
So instead, they began recruiting "marriagable young girls", who would first sign a contract in France and then be given passage and a small dowry to become the wife of a Quebec settler. You might wonder why these young girls (many under 16), would risk the dangers and hardships, which by now most of France were well aware of; but believe it or not; for many it was the best option.
At the time, marriages were arranged, so if the girl's family did not have the means to provide a sutable dowry, her only option was to become a nun, if she was Catholic; or marry beneath her station. In the case of the young Filles a Marier, though a marriage contract must be signed before departure, she had every right to refuse the union, once she met her husband-to-be. As a matter of fact, many of them did just that, and were provided safe passage home.
- [S1585] Filles a Marier - [biography]: Nicole Duchesne was born about 1641 in Vielle-Vaude, Meaux, Marne, France; the daughter of Francois Duchesne and Marie Nolet. She arrived in the Quebec Colony as a Filles A Marier, contracted to be the bride of Jacques Laporte de St. Georges. They were married September 03, 1657 in Montreal. - http://www.geocities.com/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/…
- [S1558] Cyprien Tanguay, Quebec, Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families [Tanguay Collection 1608-1890], Volume 5: page 156 - Nicole Duchesne - born: 1636.
- [S1585] Filles a Marier - [biography]: Nicole Duchesne - http://www.geocities.com/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/…
- [S1598] Research Program In Historical Demography: Marriage: 3 September 1657 - Jacques Laport dit St Georges, son of Jacques Laporte & Marie Hamelin and Nicole Duchesne, daughter of Francis Duchesne & Marie Rolet; by Father Gabriel Souart at Notre Dame de Montreal.
- [S1598] Research Program In Historical Demography.
- [S1585] Filles a Marier - [biography]: . . . his death on September 11, 1702 at Contrecoeur, Vercheres, Quebec. Nicole followed on July 07, 1703. - http://www.geocities.com/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/…