Richard Treat1,2,3

M, b. before 28 August 1584, d. 14 February 1668
FatherRobert Trott d. Feb 1599/0
MotherHonora (?) d. Sep 1627
Courtesy of Wikipedea
     Richard was born before 28 August 1584 in the Hamlet of Trendle, Pitminster Parish., Somersetshire, England. On 28 August 1584, he was christened in Pitminster Parish, Somersetshire, England, at St. Andrew & St. Mary Church. His name was noted as "Trott". Richard married Alice Gaylord, daughter of Hugh Gaylord and Joanna (?), on 27 April 1615 in Pitminster Parish, Somersetshire, England. He was born and raised at the hamlet of Trendle, now Trull, in the parish of Pitminister, located four and a half miles south of Tauton. In 1637, Richard immigrated aboard the ship from Somersetshire, England. The family resided at Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. Richard was a person of high social rank & wealth owning considerable lands in Wethersfield. He was in public service on many different occasions. Richard made his will on 13 February 1668 at Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut.

The last will and testament of Richard Treat, senior late of Wethersfield, dec. is as followeth:
" Imprimis, I being weak and infirm of body, but of sound understanding, and of competent
memory, do resign my soul to the Lord, hoping to be justified and saved by the
merits of Christ, and my body to be buried.
" Item. I give and bequeath to my loving wife Alis Treat, after my decease, all the lands
of what kind soever, I stand possessed of within the bounds of Wethersfield, and five acres
of land lying in the dry swamp which I have improved and prepared for use lying next my
son James, his land.
" Item, one piece of meadow lying in the great meadow, commonly called by the name of
Send Home.
"Item, the one half or eight acres next home of that piece of meadow commonly called
" Item, the home lot by the plaine lane site.
" Item, the dwelling house that formerly lived in with convenient yard room, and that
end of the barn on the side the threshing floor, next the dwelling house, with the one half
of that lot belonging to the said dwelling house, lying next his son Richard's house and lot,
except my wife and son James shall agree otherwise.
" Item, all my pasture land fenced in beyond my daughter Hollisters lott.
" Item, the use of two of my best cows which she shall choose, which if they shall continue
and stand longer than my loving wife liveth, they shall be my eldest son Richard
" Item, I give to my loving wife the standing bed, bedding, bedsted, with all the furniture
thereto belonging, with the use of so much of the household goods during her life time as
she shall judge needful for her comfort, of what sort soever.
" I give and bequeath to my eldest son Richard Treat, the full possession and confirmation
of the farm of Nayog. with all the respective privileges thereto belonging, with three of
my youngest heifers.
"Item, I give to my second son, Robert Treaty ten pounds.
" Item, I give to my youngest son, James Treat, besides the lands already
made over to him, my mill and grinding stone, fann, timber, chains, steelyards, and my little
bible . " Item, I give to my son-in-law, Matthew Campfield, 20i for that which is remaining
of his portion
" Item, I give to my daughter Hollister, 40 shillings.
" Item, to my daughter Johnson, 10 shillings.
" Item, My debts being paid, I give to my loving sons John Demon and Robert
equally, all the rest of mygood.8 and chattels whatsoever, except Mr. Perkins book,
which I give to my son John Demon, and my great bible to my daughter Honour Demon.
And that money in my cousin Samuel Welles, his hand, unto my cousin David Deming,
son of John Demon senior,
and my desire is that
"My son-in-law, John Demon, Robert Webster and Richard Treat would be my overseers
for their mutuall helpfullness to my louing wife and endeavoure to see the accomplishment
this my last will and testament, and for t h e ratification hereof I have this thirteenth day
of February, 1668, set to my hand and seale.4,5

Richard departed this life on Tuesday, 14 February 1668 in Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. The inventory of Richard's estate was taken on Saturday, 3 March 1668.


Alice Gaylord b. 10 May 1594


  1. [S115] Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, Showing Three Generations Of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, On The Basis Of Farmer's Registar, Volume IV: page 325.
  2. [S955] Frances Board Rose, Board, Trenchard, Wilsey, McKee, and Kindred Families, pages 63-64 - Richard Trott, son of Robert and Honora Trott, was baptized at Pitminster, England, August 28, 1584, and died in Wethersfield, Connecticut, 1699-1700. He was a man of high social standing and influence. His home was first in the Hamlet of Trendle, now Trull, in the Parish of Pitminster, four and a half miles south of Taunton. He, with his family, came to Massachusetts probably after 1637, and resided for a time in Watertown, Massachusetts. He is first mentioned in Connecticut, as a juror, June, 1643. In 1644 he was chosen Deputy to the General Court and annually reelected for fourteen years, to 1657-58. He was elected Magistrate or Assistant eight times, 1657-58 to 1665 ; Selectman in 1660; and held various other places of trust. In 1662, when King Charles II granted the Connecticut Colony a charter, Richard Trott was named in it as one of the patentees, and he was also, in 1663 and 1664, a member of Governor Winthrop's Council. He was an extensive land-owner. Robert Treat Paine, a signer of the DeclarationOf Independence, was a great-grandson of Richard Treat. Richard Trott (Treat) married, April 27, 1615 (under the name of Trett) Alice Gaylord, daughter of Hugh Gaylord, of Pitminster, born in 1594. Their children were all born in England under the name of Trott or Tratt.
    Children, born in Pitminster, County Somerset, England:
    1. Honor, baptized March 19, 1615-16.
    2. Joanna, of whom further.
    3. Sarah, baptized December 3, 1620.
    4. Richard, baptized January 9, 1622-23.
    5. Robert, baptized February 25, 1624-25; later was Governor of Connecticut.
    6. Elizabeth, baptized July 25, 1627.
    7. Susanna, baptized October 8, 1629.
    8. Alice, baptized February 16, 1631-32; buried August, 1633.
    9. James, baptized July 20, 1634.
    10. Katherine, baptized June 29, 1637.
  3. [S1204] Richard Treat, He was baptized on August 28, 1584 in Pitminster, Somerset County, England, the son of Robert and Honoria Trott, and died on 27 April 1669 in Wethersfield, Hartford County, Connecticut. He was an early New England settler who emigrated from Pitminster, England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637. He married on April 27, 1615, at Pitminster, Somerset County, England, Alice Gaylord, born May 10, 1594 at Pitminster, Somerset County, England and died at Wethersfield, Hartford County Connecticut. She was the daughter of Hugh Gaylord and Joanna.
    Richard and Alice were the parents of twelve children. Their son, Robert Treat (1622-1710), served as governor of Connecticut from 1683 to 1698. Their daughter, Joanna, was the wife of Lieut. John Hollister. Their daughter, Susanna, was the wife of Robert Webster, the son of John Webster (governor). His daughter, Honor, married John Deming, an early Puritan settler and original Patentee of the Royal Charter of Connecticut.

    He was one of the first settlers of Wethersfield, Connecticut in 1637 and was an extensive landowner in the town (over 900 acres). He represented Wethersfield in the first general court in 1637. He was appointed in 1642 by the general court, in connection with Gov. George Wyllys, Messrs. Haines, Hopkins, Whiting, and others, to superintend building a ship, and to collect a revenue for that object.
    In the list of Freeman (Colonial) of Wethersfield for 1659, only three besides Richard Treat, Sr., are styled Mr., and he bore that title as early as 1642, and perhaps earlier. Mr. Treat must have been a man of high social standing and of much influence in the town of Wethersfield, and in the colony of Connecticut.
    He was chosen a juror, June 15, 1643 and grand juror, on September 15 of the same year.
    In April, 1644, he was chosen deputy, and was annually elected for fourteen years, up to 1657-8. From 1658 to 1665, he was elected assistant magistrate of the colony eight times, and was named in the royal charter of Charles II as one of the original patentees of the Charter of the Colony of Connecticut. On Oct. 25, 1644, he and Mr. Wells were the committee and the revenue collectors of the Fenwick tax a fund for the support of students in the college at Cambridge. In 1654, he was chosen on a committee to lay out lands granted by the town and in 1660, he was elected a townsman, an office answering to the present selectmen.
  4. [S954] Nathaniel Goodwin, Contributions to the Family History of Some of the First Settlers of Connecticut and Massachusetts

    , page 227 - Will of Richard Treat dated 13 February 1668.
  5. [S954] Nathaniel Goodwin, Contributions to the Family History of Some of the First Settlers of Connecticut and Massachusetts

    , pages 227-228 - Will of Richard Treat dated: 13 February 1668.